Vaping has risen in popularity. Some vapers prefer the pleasant taste and smell of the vapor, while others cite enjoyment of customizing the amount of nicotine they use. The important thing when vaping is to fully understand the unit’s setup.
A traditional e-cigarette has a pen or cigarette-like appearance. A MOD is a device available in widely differing colors and styles and has a larger reservoir tank; most MODs last longer and hold more liquid than traditional e-cigarettes.
The coil is the part of the device connected to a base which is in direct connection to the battery. When the device is powered, the coil wires heat up and vaporize the e-liquid that is in the atomizer. The atomizer will contain a wick or filament material of some kind that absorbs the e-liquid to meet the coils.
By adjusting the wattage of an e-cigarette, the amount of flavor and vapor produced is also changed. The higher the wattage of the unit, the lower the ohms in the coils will be. Units may be called either variable wattage or variable voltage- while each of these internally functions differently, the result is the same; the higher the wattage or voltage, the lower the resistance (or ohms) in the coils, and an increased amount of flavor and vapor.
Sub-ohm vaping is unique to MODs and requires a special setup. Sub-ohm atomizers have a high energy requirement, with wattage staring at 25 kw. While aftermarket kits are available to convert a mod to sub-ohm specifics, it is much safer to purchase a vape designed specifically for this purpose. By combining high wattage with sub-ohm resistor coils, the user can achieve thicker and richer clouds not available on traditional setups.
Another customization option is a rebuild-able atomizer. This allows the user to customize the coils with a variety of materials, including stainless steel and brass. The user will take the positive and negative posts supplied and connect to a piece of resistance wire that has been shaped like a coil. The wicking material, such as silca wick or cotton, is then fed through the opening between the coils. Wicking material absorbs the e-liquid to feed directly to the heating element for vaporization.
Single coil vapes will last longer than their double coil counterparts, but a double coil offers more vapor and greater flavor. Some vaping devices are available with two coils next to one another, while others have a top coil and bottom coil at both ends of the tank. Bottom coil vapes allow for every drop of liquid to be used, but require liquid to fill and often make a gurgling sound.
Of course, the more coils, the more space the device will need. MODs are typically larger for this reason, as well as the fact they hold more liquid and have a removable, rechargeable battery. E-cigarette pen style models are usually sold with a charging cable or device and do not have removable batteries.
Another important choice in the setup is e-liquid. The primary flavors are fruit, tobacco, drink, candy, dessert, and menthol. Some brands offer combination flavors that take notes from each category, and some vapers prefer to customize their own blend from a few assorted flavors.
When choosing the strength of the e-liquid it is important to know roughly how much nicotine you are currently consuming. For those who do not currently use nicotine, it is best to use 0 mg nicotine, for consumers currently smoking up to 10 cigarettes a day, the low level 6 mg nicotine would be best. If currently smoking 20 cigarettes a day, a 12mg is advised, and 24 MG is the highest strength available- typically only needed by those smoking 60 cigarettes per day currently. It is always possible to start at one strength and work your way down to zero as well.
E-liquids are also available in both propylene glycol (called pg), and vegetable glycerin (called vg). Both are odorless liquid carriers combined with flavors and often nicotine to create the juice. When heated, they are what is producing the vapor, and each has a unique taste to it. Most setups use a certain amount of both pg and vg, offering a different mouth feel to each vape. While some MODs can use a varying percent of each liquid, others are not as flexible, so it is important to understand your setup before starting.
PG is a petroleum by-product and is less viscous than vg. When vaping it provides the sensation in the back of the throat that many users claim is like what they experienced when inhaling a cigarette. PG also carries flavor with greater effectiveness than vg, causing its popularity as a suspension fluid. While considered safe for humans to inhale, it has been found to be problematic for children with asthma and some animals, especially cats.
VG is derived from vegetable oil and safe for vegetarian users. VG is slightly sweeter than PG and feels thicker. VG is described as a smoother vaping experience, although some amount of pg will usually still be required to provide the flavor and nicotine. Users with allergies to palm or coconut oil should be careful if using vg, and some diabetics have problems metabolizing it.
High percentage VG solutions do clog up coils more rapidly due to their thickness, and may not work at all in older tanks. A high percentage pg solution will produce less vapor in contact with the coils and when exhaled, which can allow the consumer to attract less attention. However, some vapers prefer to “cloudchase,” or produce the vapor cloud possible; for users wanting to cloudchase or do other tricks, the more VG in contact with the coils the better.
Other vapers will do tricks like bubble-blowing, ring blowing, or tornado like effects. By customizable liquids, coils, and tanks, customers are sure to find a great option no matter their end goal.